At least 205 attacks on ships were registered in Gulf of Guinea between 2005 and May 2015.
The hijackings of ships in Somalia and on the east coast of Africa are down but the attacks in West Africa gradually increase, making the Gulf of Guinea waters a global piracy place. The attacks in the Gulf of Guinea are known to be particularly violent.
Piracy increases the cost of international transport but also has a significant impact on development in Africa.
According to the United Nations Office against Drugs and Crime, this phenomenon was mainly caused by disorders linked to oil industry in the region. The attacks have often targeted ships carrying hydrocarbons, whose holds are emptied and the content sold on the black market. The oil industry is the first sector of the region, and it’s threatened for twenty years by transnational organized crime.