Africa is late in the development of its regional trade, particularly caused by the lack of reliable and suitable transport. The road remains the dominant mode of transport in Africa, representing from 80 to more than 90% of long distance traffic and interstate freight. It generally represents the only way of access to rural areas and is the most flexible and appropriate way in the economic and social life of the countries or regions.
The African rail network represents 89,,380km of the area of 30.19 millions km2, with a density of 2.96km per 1,000km2. This network is poorly interconnected, especially in Western and Central Africa.
Global and international airports in Africa are characterized by:
- A strong deterioration of infrastructures (tracks and macadam) due to lack of maintenance;
- Obsolete equipments that do not match all international requirements;
- Safety and security standards are insufficient